The temporary protection of festivals, fairgrounds or Christmas markets against vehicle ramming attacks is still a very special challenge. In the meantime, the variety of HVM barriers has grown considerably. But how do the various barriers differ and how are they used? We offer you a short overview.
Have you already considered buying a mobile vehicle barrier? If so, you probably know how many different types of barriers are available on the market today. And every barrier claims to be the best. But is there a barrier that meets all requirements ? The answer is quite clear: no. Many municipalities and event organisers are overburdened with the purchase and correct use of barrier systems. After all, the barrier should be effective and do its job in the event of an attack. With this article we will show you different approaches to solutions.
You can also find further information here: Tips for obtaining mobile HVM barriers
If you look over the shoulders of larger cities and communities, you will quickly see that there is a clear safety concept. Events are not only cordoned off directly in front of the festival area, but according to the onion principle.
This is done by dividing the towns into different security zones. Depending on the zone and blocking concept, different barrier systems are used. The closer to the festival site, the more important are, for example, barriers with good personal permeability, barrier-free access and passage for rescue vehicles and deliveries.
Security concept as basis
The security concept is based on a comprehensive analysis of the potential danger and a comprehensive security plan. It would go beyond the scope of this report to go into this in more detail.
Is there a barrier that covers all requirements? No. The HVM barriers currently available on the market have all been developed for a specific application. They differ in terms of
This is why large cities such as Berlin, Munich and Zurich rely on a combination of several different systems to protect against vehicle ramming attacks.
Even the most effective barrier cannot protect if it is used incorrectly. Each HVM barrier shifts between 10 and 50 metres after an impact (depending on the penetration depth tested). It is therefore imperative that a safety zone be planned. If the barrier is too close to the fixed installation (protection zone), the barrier will be pushed into the crowd in the event of an impact
If barriers elements are used offset, the vehicle must not be able to accelerate again after bypassing the obstacle. This was unfortunately the case in Volkmarsen.
Please also note that a sufficient number of elements are used. The fewer elements, the lower the protective effect and the greater the penetration depth of the barrier. Please ask the manufacturer for the number of blocking elements tested (certification) and the penetration depth (displacement) achieved.
Vehicles parked sideways are not suitable as HVM barriers. Crash tests have shown that these vehicles are pushed away from the attack vehicles at high speed - in the worst case directly into the crowd. The vehicles are also usually only slightly damaged. They can accelerate and attack again.
Another argument against crosswise places vehicles is that they block the view and thus prevent an early reaction to possible attacks. They also block escape routes.
Individually placed concrete blocks or jersey elements offer no protection against HVM attacks. On the contrary: they become projectiles on impact - this has been proven by various crash tests.
The situation is different with concrete blocks connected to form chains: These can also withstand higher impact loads. The attacking vehicle is not only severely damaged, but also braked by the counterweight of the concrete blocks.
Protective street furniture is also becoming more and more important in terror protection. Flower pots, benches or large planters anchored in the ground offer invisible protection and are well accepted by the population.
Various suppliers - including Marshalls and ourselves - produce a wide range of different street furniture. Fixed or removable.
The offer is huge, so are the possibilities. Therefore it is not possible to illustrate all relevant points here. We would be pleased to offer you a personal, non-binding consultation. We draw from a huge wealth of experience from countless major projects in the field of perimeter and terror protection. Inquiry
Consel Group AG
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